2022 Research Report

Over the past 3 years, our Texas Permanency Study has followed 197 youth in foster care to discover what helps them thrive in adulthood. Our final report shows that supporting better outcomes in emerging adulthood means:

-Prioritizing lasting connections with caring adults, peers, and community
-Providing an environment conducive to normal and developmentally appropriate social experiences
-Supporting the development of competency through experiential learning
-Increasing social emotional wellbeing through mental health services and sexual health and relationship education

Read the 2022 Research Report!


2022 Executive Summary

The Texas Youth Permanency Study followed a cohort of youth in foster care as they entered adulthood. By examining their experiences and trajectories over a three-year period we sought to find new ways of understanding the factors that allow youth in foster care to thrive in young adulthood.

Read the 2022 Executive Summary!


The Concept of Normalcy in Child Welfare

Based on findings of the Texas Youth Permanency Study, we developed a Framework for Normalcy in Child Welfare that illustrates the practice and benefits of normalcy while developing awareness of social and cultural values that undergird our understanding of what is normal, developmentally expected, and socially appropriate.

Read more about the Concept of Normalcy in Child Welfare!


2021 Research Report

Our interim report from the first year of the Texas Foster Youth Permanency Study centers the voices of youth participants and fills critical knowledge gaps about what helps youth in care thrive in emerging adulthood. Three key themes arose from our interviews and surveys with youth:

- Connections with peers in school contribute to academic success and wellbeing
- Empowering youth starts with active listening
- Healthy relationships conversations are essential

Read the 2021 Research Report!


Initial Pilot Study Findings

Pilot Study

The ongoing Texas Youth Permanency Study explores the complexities of permanency with youth currently in the foster care system in Texas. Preliminary findings suggest that:

- Authentic relationships matter most.
- Every child needs to feel normal.
- Authentic relationships and feeling normal foster well-being in adulthood.

Read the 2018 Pilot Study!


Our TYPS Sheets

Mental Health Professionals
birth families
Foster families
Adoptive Parents
TYPS Sheet Fan

TYPS Training

Let Kids Be Kids Workshop
All children need opportunities to participate in age-appropriate activities, socialize with friends and explore intimate relationships. Through these activities youth discover their interests and talents, experiment, practice decision-making skills and develop healthy relationships with peers and adults. Children and youth in foster care are no different! This workshop provides information on the importance of normalcy and what caregivers and other adults can do to ensure their children are living as normal a life as possible.


Training Objectives
  • Participants will learn how experiences in foster care affect social development, outcomes and relationships
  • Participants will learn how supporting normalcy activities can promote child wellbeing
  • Participants will learn about best practices to promote normalcy and understand the legal protections afforded through the prudent parent standard
Caregivers, CASA, and other adults involved with children and youth in foster care


Interested in this training?